World competition in technology brings out world-class solutions to resolve the pending problems of finding alternative energy resources to fossil fuel, the food shortage crisis, and global warming. Many countries have developed their own technologies. They have advantages in terms of economic and social stability; examples are America, Japan, and many countries in Europe, as well as developed countries like the People's Republic of China, India and the Republic of Korea. There is a focus in the countries on the development of science alongside technology. Therefore, countries aim to make their own economy to promote a high level of citizen well-being. It is necessary for a developing country like Thailand to develop basic science, especially physics, which is a cornerstone of the development of high-technology and future technologies.
The understanding and acceptance of the importance of fundamental science for improving various technologies in Thailand are still not conducive to transforming the country's scientific and technological organizations. One research report has concluded that countries which have advanced technology must be strong in science, especially in physics. This report indicated the weakness of basic science is the main cause of technological weakness in Thailand. So we will not be able to compete in the long term, it is necessary to strengthen technology without further delay.
A group of physicists from various Thai universities throughout the country met on 28 - 29 May 2005, to initiate discussion and coordinate with the Office of the Higher Education Commission (OHEC), in the Ministry of Education. There were several subsequent meetings to establish the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, with the support of the OHEC.
The Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics proposal was approved by the OHEC’s committee at their meeting on 14 July 2005. At a meeting on 1 August 2006, the Cabinet of Thailand approved the establishment of five centers of excellence of Thailand, including the Center of Excellence in Physics. Then, in a meeting on 12 June 2007, the Cabinet discussed the need to develop and strengthen research infrastructure in physics and mathematics and basic development of science and technology in Thailand, along with creation and development of human resources in the country.
The establishment of the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics was done by close consulting with experts of the National Economic and Social Development Council. The Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics proposal was modified several times in the meeting. Finally, it was approved by the Cabinet on 27 November 2007.
Currently, the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics (ThEP Center) is the 9th Center of Excellence affiliated with the Science and Technology Postgraduate Education and Research Development Office (PERDO) of the OHEC, in the Ministry of Education.