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Project 1.6 : Structural and Electronic Properties of Methyl-ammonium Lead Hydride Perovskite under High Pressure

 

            In this research, we have studied CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite at ambient conditions and at high pressure by using the density functional method. The simulation cell of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite at ambient conditions is shown in Figure 1.6.1. We have investigated the essential of the van der Waals interaction and found that it plays a major role in the lattice structure and also in the rotation dynamics of the methyl-ammonia (MA) molecules.

 



Figure 1.6.1 The simulation cell of CH3NH3PbI3 .

 

            At high pressure, we found that phase transition from a tetragonal I4/mcm structure to a cubic Im3 structure, as shown in Figure 1.6.2. The orientation of the MA molecules play a major role in the lowest energy structure. The different orientation of the MA are labeled as Config1, Config2, Config3 and Config4. The red-dotted line marks the lowest energy structure. Furthermore, the volume-pressure relation is in good agreement with the experimental data (green diamonds) [1].

 



Figure 1.6.2 The volume – pressure relation comparing the calculation with the experimental data [1].

 

            Next, we will study the physical properties, such as band gap, optical absorption and so on. This would lead to a suggestion to improve the efficiency of the perovskite as a solar energy material.

 

Reference

[1] Marek Szafranśki and Andrzej Katrusiak, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(2017)2496−2506.

 

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Dr. Udomsilp Pinsuk 1)
Collaborator: Assoc. Prof. Dr.Thiti Bovornratanaraks 1), Assoc. Prof. Dr.Nakorn Phaisangittisakul 1), Asst. Prof. Dr.Prayoonsak Pluengphon2)
Affiliated Institutes: 1) Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 2) Department of Physics,Faculty of Science and Technology, Huachiew Chalermprakiet University

 

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